The iPhone X The Face ID
The Face ID of the new model is handy but dangerous. It is reminiscent of the colonialism of the skull – but at Apple it means innovation.
For a future-oriented digital company Apple has made an astounding leap into the past with its new iPhone. More specifically, it is a step into the late 19th century, when man was reduced to his physiognomy. In colonialism, and then in the twentieth-century dictatorships, this was the pseudo-science base for abominations, persecutions, genocides, not for technical renewal. However, the mechanism is similar. Back then, as now, people and faces are measured and drawn. And there is a danger.
The core of this step is the Face Detection program, which turns the face of the user into the key that activates the smartphone. This is not a new technology. Apple is, as the world’s third-largest smartphone provider, even quite late with it, just like most of the innovations of the iPhone X, which was presented on Tuesday, only technical advances of the competition to catch up. At national borders and in the security industry, face detection is also already common. Nobody has so far cynically sold the unsettling technology as Apple.
With the help of artificial intelligence, digital facial recognition can be a lot more than just identifying people. There are now technical applications that recognize emotions and diseases, crimes are predicted in China, and at Stanford University scientists claim that they can determine the sexual orientation and the political views of a person.
Now, Apple stylizes its technical innovations happy to pop culture. The engineers at Cupertino have developed a plaything that is cute but unmasked the dark dimensions of facial recognition. It is the so-called Animojis. These are animated emojis, which are moving versions of the images, which can be used to reduce complex statements and feelings to a symbol in text messages and on social networks.
The original form of this sign language of emotions was the smiley face. On the new iPhone, you can now control panda bears, puppy heads or pile-pots with the help of facial recognition and to simulate the user’s facial expressions. This means that the iPhone can do much more than just recognize a face. After healthcare applications are one of the fastest growing markets in the digital industry, it is likely that there will soon be apps that make medical diagnoses via the face scan. And who wants to prevent an application soon captured with technology from Stanford sexual preferences of a user?
The analysis of political opinion is now conceivable, but fatal
All of this may not be a problem in Western democracies, or even useful. But what in metropolises like San Francisco, London, and Berlin are the most humane elements of personality can become a threat in other parts of the world. Homosexuality is prosecuted in more than 70 countries, in ten of which death is punished. The analysis of political opinion would be fatal.
Apple assured that all data from the face detection would only be stored on the device itself, not on the group’s cloud servers. However, the company lost the confidence this summer when, on the instructions of the Chinese authorities, it removed the VPN apps from its offerings, ie those programs that citizens could use to bypass the digital blockades of their country. The question remains whether Apple really wants to do without the huge data set, which is so. Google has an advantage in the development of artificial intelligence, because it uses the data from the user behavior to feed its programs and so to perfect. And who then guarantees to the users that there are not Trojans soon, who take facial data along with the feeling layers from the iPhone?
Although the face detection in the new iPhone can be switched off just like the fingerprint recognition in the past models or the listening function of the voice control. However, digital industry can count on a fundamental reflection of mankind. That is convenience. Why not give up some data when life becomes so much easier? So the iPhone soon the heads of its users measured. The colonialists of the nineteenth century did nothing else with those conquered by them. At that time it was the craniology of the skull. Today it is called innovation.