A prosthesis in lego for children, a robot that travels in the human body … The Observatory Netexplo and its network of university professors and international experts have selected ten innovative international projects.
Here are the ten technological innovations highlighted for the next Netexplo Forum that will be held at the Paris Dauphine University on 10 and 11 February 2017.
1. Micro-swimmer Robot, the robot that
circulates in the veins
The potential of this American innovation in medicine is enormous. Terminated surgery to unclog arteries or precisely deposit a drug in the patient’s body! Researchers at the University of Drexler, Philadelphia, have developed a technology that allows nano-robots to travel the human body: the Micro-swimmer Robot. Concretely, iron nanoparticles driven by a magnetic flux can be assembled and navigate in the veins. A major surgical advance that could be implemented in the next four years.
2. IKO Creative Prosthetic System, the toy prosthesis
The Colombian Carlos Torres (from IKO) devised a customizable child prosthesis compatible with Lego elements (with which he has forged a partnership). Thanks to 3D printing and a computer program, children with amputation of the arm or hand can infinitely modulate their prosthesis with the famous multicolored bricks (shapes, colors, accessories …). The object created becomes fun and dedramatise the handicap with hands backhoes, cranes, spaceships …
3. Self-teaching 3D-printed robots, the self-repairing robot
Not far from the myth of artificial intelligence and the emancipation of robots, here is the robot that learns and self-corrects. Teams at the University of Oslo (Norway) have designed a program that allows robots to adapt to different environmental changes. Equipped with this software, robots evaluate their performance, optimize their adaptation and even self-repair. After a diagnosis of its needs, the robot equipped with a 3D printer manufactures the parts it needs. An innovation to exploit during space exploration or natural disasters.
4. Todai Robot Project, the Bachelor Robot
After two failures in 2013 and 2014, he (finally) obtained his baccalaureate with a mark higher than the national average, and can enter the University of Tokyo. But he is not a bachelor like the others. Todai is a robot. The Japanese National Institute of Computing, supported by Fujitsu, has succeeded in developing an artificial intelligence software capable of competing with students, not on simple MCQs but with the same examination as for humans (editorial , analysis, …) Strong points: He understands human language (history, French) and mathematics. His weak point: must be perfect in physics, still too abstract matter for an electronic brain.
5. AscTec Firefly, the autonomous drone
The German company Ascending Technologies has developed a drone capable of self-piloting. Equipped with six ultra-lightweight mini-cameras (Real Sense) for 360-degree 3D vision, Firefly is able to evaluate distances alone, avoid obstacles (house, bridges, other drones). .) and to modify its trajectory in real time. The innovation has just been bought at the beginning of January 2016 by Intel, who sees the potential of UAVs for deliveries, inspection of power lines, agriculture and the army.
6. Aweza, the multilingual dialogue app
Difficult sometimes to exchange in South Africa: the country counts eleven official languages! The Aweza application is based on the “One nation, one conversation”. The innovation of the translation software is based on the permanent enrichment of the dictionary by a large number of words, phrases and concepts recorded in audio version by the user community. The latter are encouraged by games to record the pronunciation of items, thus creating a large cultural database by crowdsourcing. The uses of Aweza are already extended to doctors and practitioners in the remote countryside. Launched by a South African startup, the project received the support of the state.
7. BitLand, the falsifiable cadastre
In Africa, 90% of rural areas are not listed. The problems of property titles or simple addresses are therefore legion. To put an end to it, Ghana has a virtual cadastre. The African NGO BitLand relies on the emerging use of Blockchain technology (designed for the Bitcoin currency) for the transaction and securing of information. The use of this digital innovation makes it possible to manage a cadastre that is reliable, falsifiable and can be consulted by all. Registers can even be enriched (GPS coordinates, geological precision …). The application can develop a clearer mapping of property titles or taxes.
Another use of blockchain technology: the use of this security system for all commercial transactions (without going through the digital currency Bitcoin). The Colu Israeli application provides the buyer and seller with a tamper-proof digital identity to carry out transactions that are completely secure and without intermediaries. The real property is assigned a token and the purchase is done simply by transfer of ownership.
9. Amino, the tamagotchi biotech
Make your own perfume, beer or grow bacteria? It is the project of the Canadian Julie Legault with its laboratory of microorganisms accessible to all. The Amino Organic Matter Kit, designed by MIT, makes it possible to manufacture living cells and manage their living conditions as a domestic animal. Objective: to better understand scientific advances through simple experiments. Carried by the American platform Indiegogo participatory financing, the Amino pocket laboratory is accessible for 700 euros.
10. Wonolo, on-demand employment
Half way between Tinder and Tripadvisor, Wonolo (Work Now locally) connects independent workers and employers (company or individual). A simple description of the job or tasks, a telephone interview, no diploma required. A rating system performed at the end of the assignment, on the employer and employee side, is used to determine the future remuneration. The more the job has been appreciated and the more the employee has been up to the job, the higher the value of the salary increases. An exclusion limit is set at three negative opinions. An innovation made in … USA.